This handbook aims at four distinct groups of readers: — practitioners in the field of science and technology studies; — research students in this field; — scientists, scholars and technicians who are interested in a systematic, thorough analysis of their activities; — policy makers and administrators who wish to be informed about the potentialities and limitations of the various approaches and about their results. The top figure points to a divergence in productivity growth across different firms in the productivity distribution. Young firms contribute disproportionally to job creation in all countries between 1998 and 2013 Share of firms younger than six years in manufacturing, construction, and non-financial business services % Share in total employment Share in total job creation Bottom decile 0. The breakdown into three sub-periods helps identify the timing and intensity of net flows. It is updated on a rolling basis.
Measurements should go beyond targets and aggregates to an analysis level that will help understand why and how innovation happens in firms. Data is presented by socio-economic variables and is updated annually. It tells you what happened to productivity, firm dynamics and jobs during the crisis and the recovery. Its aim is also to develop novel and policy-relevant indicators, making use of new datasets and methodologies. Patents represent a unique and detailed source of information on inventive activity and its main features, including the technology fields covered by inventions or the geographical location of inventors.
The 2017 volume of the development co operation report focuses on data for development big data and the internet of things are more than buzzwords the data revolution is transforming the way that economies and societies are functioning across the planet. Over 15 countries participate in the MultiProd project. Existing estimates of firm-specific training mainly focus on on-thejob training. Data is available from 1981 onwards and is updated annually. Such interactions across actors, locations, and technologies need to be tracked as part of the innovation measurement framework. Beyond economic goals, this analysis should measure the social impacts of innovation—evaluating not only the contribution of innovation to economic performance, but also its impact on well-being and its contributions to achieving social goals. Innovation is affected by a wide range of factors at multiple levels of analysis e.
It also encourages the co-ordinated collection of statistics on usage — in particular — on emerging topics, such as privacy, security, children online, cloud computing or the sharing economy. This book examines the challenges and illustrates them in three sectoral studies: alternative fuel vehicles, solid waste management and recycling, and green chemistry. Labour force survey and household microdata A labour force survey can provide useful data to analyze the effects of labour force characteristics e. It is critical to go beyond science, technology and innovation indicators to take into broader conditions for innovation e. These indicators can characterise firms by size, by industry, and other relevant subgroups of firms. The 34 chapters are arranged into 5 parts: Disciplinary Approaches; General Methodology; The Science System; The Technology System; and The Science—Technology Interface. On average, firms five years old or younger account for only 21% of total employment, but are responsible for 47% of job creation.
Other types of registered intellectual property rights, such as trademarks, design rights and utility models, can provide additional relevant information for innovation policy. It is also intended to be of interest for experienced researchers and professionals who are interested in expanding their skills in working with patent and related data. The bottom figure suggests that productivity dispersion and wage dispersion at the firm level go hand in hand: wage inequality between firms with different productivity performance has increased. Tracing the flows of value added that arise from global production provides new insights for analysing global value chains that are not always evident from conventional trade statistics. Microdata-based indicators are useful to reflect differences in innovation performance across firms. It is updated twice a year. Stat — enable users to explore and download data.
It allows for various decompositions of aggregate productivity level, growth and dispersion, which help understand how aggregate outcomes are affected by particular industries or groups of firms e. The measurement system should adopt a broad approach to innovation determinants. What do we measure with innovation surveys? The online version of the Handbook is accompanied by the code used to develop the examples. These micro-data, which complement and enhance official statistics such as macro-aggregated or survey-based data, have the advantage of being granular in nature and comprehensive in time and geographical coverage. It also maps the time it takes for such dynamics to unfold. These networks typically cluster in certain geographic location or around certain institutions.
Manufacturing accounts for higher shares of workers in high-routine occupations: 41% on average, as compared to 28% in services. Argentina, Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Peru, the Russian Federation, South Africa and Thailand. Trademarks represent good proxies of service innovations, as well as of product and marketing ones. Average Lowest Highest 80 60 40 20 A t. It has become a widely used reference that combines statistical rigour with easy access and readability. Description : Free pdf development co operation report 2010 oecd publishing karl may publishing file id b75261e creator scribus committee dac is the key annual reference document for statistics and analysis on the latest trends in international aid development co operation report 2010 the development co operation report issued by the oecd.
Bu The next release will take place end 2016. This makes it difficult for others to reproduce the results and to assess the quality of the analysis presented. Inter- and intra-regional movements of intermediate goods represent about 50% of world trade in manufacturing. Yet, the proportion of workers using office software word processors, spreadsheets daily differs significantly across countries, ranging from 38% in the Netherlands to 18% in Poland. Assessing their role for economic growth and value creation for firms requires properly measuring such assets. Jobs in the business sector sustained by foreign final demand, by region of demand, 2011 1.
Internet users by age, 16-24 and 65-74 year-olds, 2014, G20 economies Did you know. The importance of foreign affiliates is larger in manufacturing than in services. The Handbook takes the approach that patent analysis should be reproducible. Authors present a survey of the research topics they address, and show their most recent achievements. Finally, it describes how patent data can be used in the analysis of a wide array of topics related to technical change and patenting activity including industry-science linkages, patenting strategies by companies, internationalization of research, and indicators on the value of patents. A first pilot was carried out in 2015; a second study focusing on the digitalisation of science is planned for 2017. In addition, technologies often draw on interdisciplinary research and can be used across a broad range of industries.