Comprehensive community interventions to promote health: Implications for college—age drinking problems. The book at once conveys the significance of adolescent alcohol use as a social and clinical problem but also points to promising leads for its amelioration. Comprehensive community intervention approaches may have considerable potential to reduce college-age drinking problems, especially given the success of these programs in reducing alcohol-related problems and in preventing health-compromising behaviors among youth. Alcohol Use Among Adolescents fills this void by integrating research from multiple fields of study, describing measurement approaches e. Alcohol Use Among Adolescents and Young Adults Michael Windle, Ph. For example, adolescents who reported binge drinking in the 30 days before the survey were 17 times more likely to have smoked during that time than adolescents who did not report binge drinking.
In low and middle-income countries particularly in Ethiopia, there is lack of data in systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the prevalence of alcohol use and associated factors among students. I am indebted to the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse for their ongoing support of my research on adolescent alcohol use. Family and peer influences in the development of adolescent alcohol abuse. I am also indebted to my colleagues at the Research Institute on Addictions in Buffalo, New York, where I conducted research for 11 years prior to assuming my current position. Among racial and ethnic groups, White youth generally had the highest prevalence of alcohol use, followed by Hispanics. Authors are asked to bridge potential theory, research, and clinical practice and to outline the current status and future directions. National survey results indicate that 28.
Adolescents consume alcohol in a variety of contexts, including their own homes, homes of friends or acquaintances, bars or restaurants, outdoor settings e. Orthodontic movement 25 cN was initiated 30 days after solution administration in the groups with tooth movement. National surveys of adolescents, college students, and other young adults in the United States reveal high rates of alcohol use among these age groups as well as high rates of dangerous drinking practices such as binge drinking and daily drinking. These findings indicate that many students experience adverse consequences from drinking; 64. There are clear trends toward higher prevalence of both 30—day use and having been drunk in the last 30 days among those in higher grades; it is significant that 19. The rates of lifetime abuse declined from just over 11% among those who initiated use of alcohol at ages 16 or younger to approximately 4% among those whose onset of use was at ages 20 or older. The findings also indicate that there are important secondary effects e.
Results: A total of 3656 studies were screened and 36 were selected. How do we assess it, and how can we prevent it? The questionnaire addressed demographic factors, alcohol consumption, and alcohol-related behaviors. The physical locations or drinking contexts where alcohol use occurs can predict drinking practices and consequences. The National Drug Control Strategy, 1997. Pharmacotherapy for adolescents with psychoactive substance abuse disorders. Objectives Unhealthy habits acquired during adolescence may persist in adulthood and eventually increase the risk of chronic illnesses. Conceptual and methodological issues and future research directions -- Conceptual issues -- Risk and protective factors -- Preventions and treatment research -- Summary.
There were significant long-term associations between household incarceration and the frequency of past 30-day binge drinking, marijuana use, and number of negative substance use consequences. Table 2 presents data for males and females on additional indicators of alcohol use. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 14 Suppl. The findings indicated that significantly higher levels of adverse secondary effects occurred on campuses with higher levels of binge drinking. Methods: We will search studies using computerized search engine, main electronic databases and other applicable sources.
Underage drinkers obtain alcohol from multiple sources and patterns of access may vary by region. Also, programs that targeted youth to prevent them from starting new health-compromising behaviors tended to be more successful than programs aimed at modifying preexisting habits among adults. Toward understanding individual effects in multicomponent prevention programs: Design and analysis strategies. In addition to the high rates of alcohol use among these youthful populations, survey data demonstrate the common co—occurrence of additional health—compromising behaviors e. Core topics within clinical work are addressed by the Series. Drinking location was important in that students who drank outdoors or in a moving car or truck were at significant risk for drinking-driving.
College students are often undergoing role transitions—such as moving away from the family home for the first time, residing with other students, and experiencing reduced adult supervision—that may increase the risk of alcohol use and abuse. Consistent with national surveys conducted in previous years, geographically the Northeast and North Central regions had the highest prevalence of alcohol use by young people, followed by the West and South. We have been extremely fortunate in recruiting leaders in the fields who have been able to translate their recognized scholarship and expertise into highly readable works on contemporary topics. Gender Comparisons Researchers have suggested that the differences in alcohol use between males and females are converging White and Huselid 1997 , but it appears that there is more convergence on some alcohol indicators than others. It is important to identify problematic alcohol use at an early stage, as this provides professionals with the opportunity to take preventive measures and hence, reduce the problems caused by this consumption.
These high rates of adverse consequences are consistent with the high rates of alcohol use reported in the surveys cited above, and they do not portend well for the health and well—being of many college students. In , literature is reviewed pertinent to a range of psychosocial, community, and social policy interventions that have attempted to reduce adolescent alcohol use and related problems. African Americans had significantly lower levels of alcohol use compared with Whites or Hispanics across all grade levels Johnston et al. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the relationship between gender and alcohol use during adolescence. Similarly, 20 percent of students reported property damage on the high binge—drinking campuses, compared with only 6 percent on low binge—drinking campuses.
In the fall of 2006, Dr. The prevalence of daily drinking was slightly higher for women at 2—year institutions, compared with those at 4—year institutions, and was the same for men at the two types of institutions. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 14 Suppl. The present work sought to determine adolescent rates of smoking and binge-drinking co-occurrence. Prevalence of Having Used Alcohol, and Having Been Drunk in the 30 Days Preceding the Survey, Among Various Demographic Subgroups of 8th, 10th, and 12th Graders in 2002 30—Day Prevalence of Alcohol Use % 30—Day Prevalence of Having Been Drunk % Grade 8th 10th 12th 8th 10th 12th Total 19. The two most common places of consumption were someone else's home 30.
There is a need within the field to convey the latest developments and to represent different disciplines, approaches, and conceptual views to the topics of childhood and adolescent adjustment and maladjustment. This review focused on English-language papers published over the past several decades. Copyright © 1999 by Sage Publications, Inc. Overview of new methodological developments in prevention research: Alcohol and substance abuse. For example, during the 30 days preceding the survey, 27.